Iraqi Kurdistan

Country's profile

The Iraqi Kurdistan is a federal and autonomous political entity located in the north of Iraq, acknowledge by the 2005 Iraqi constitution as well as by the international community. The region shares a border with Turkey, Iran and Syria and is composed of three provinces: Erbil, Sulaymaniya and Duhok. 

Capital : Erbil

Country’s area: 40 643 sq km
Inhabitants: 4.7 million (2014: 9.85 millions including refugees)
GDP/Inhab(2011) : 4452 USD
GDP (2011): 23.6 Mrd USD
HDI: 0.750 (Iraq HDI : 0.694)

Age group:

0-14 :36%
15-64 : 60%
Over 65 : 4%

Average age: 20 years old

   

Life expectancy: 70 years old 

The recent history of Iraqi Kurdistan is marked by periods of war and struggles to obtain independence. It is only in 1992, after years of violence perpetrated against the Kurdish community that the situation changed. Indeed, following the Al Anfal campaign, lead by Saddam Hussein against the Kurdish population, the international community took a stand against the Iraqi armed forces.  Their withdrawal from the Kurdish territory enabled Kurdish leaders to strengthen their power in the north of the country while establishing a solid pillar for the 2005 constitution.

The major challenge during the post Saddam Hussein period entailed post-conflict reconstructions: infrastructure reconstruction, establishment of a working administration and management of hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons and refugees. A parliamentary democracy was implemented and the region quickly began to flourish. For many years, Iraqi Kurdistan has been considered as the most stable zone of Iraq, economically and politically speaking.

Despite this development, the territory is today plunged into an unprecedented humanitarian crisis. The deterioration of the security situation in the region (outbreak of the war in Syria, progress of the ISIS armed forces in the Iraqi territory…) has had dramatic consequences. The Iraqi Kurdistan is witnessing a massive influx of refugees and internally displaced persons. The latest figures show that around 250.000 Syrian refugees and over 1 million IDPs have taken refuge in the Iraqi Kurdistan.

Overcrowding in refugee and IDP camps is very common and the situation has become unbearable for the authorities as well as for the humanitarian actors on the ground despite all the efforts undertaken in this humanitarian emergency situation. One of the priorities and main challenges is to restore among these populations a sense of dignity by accompanying them and offering them improved living conditions in the camps.

Project description

Project title: Psychosocial support for internally displaced persons in the Bardarash camp

Main goal:

Contribute to the improvement of the social wellbeing and therefore the the linving conditions and future perspectives of internally displaced persons within the Bardarash camp thanks to the implementation of psychosocial program.

Specific objectives:

- Raise awareness among the community on psycho-social support.
- Train community workers on psycho-social support, awareness raising and workshops animation.
- Offer a group and individual psycho-social support and follow-up in order to strengthen the resilience of internally displaced persons and improved social and family cohesion within the camp.
- Offer training activities to IDPs with the objective of promoting empowerment, self-sufficiency and cohesion in order to improve their living conditions and future prospects.
- Promote the involvement and participation of the community in the camp management.


Activities

TARGET GROUP

ACTIVITIES ET DESCRIPTION

Community / Women

Psycho-social awareness campaign 


Training of trainers : recruiting and training

Informal psycho-social support : implementation of support groups


Psycho-social follow-up


Workshops: Social cohesion strengthening and empowerment 

Workshop: Improving living conditions within the camp

Strengthening of the community 

Children and young people (girls/boys separated)

Awareness raising and psycho-social support and follow-up 

Strengthening of social and family cohesion 

Community/men

Psycho-social awareness campaign 


Training of trainers : recruiting and training

 

Informal psycho-social support : implementation of support groups


Psycho-social follow-up


 

Workshops: Social cohesion strengthening and empowerment 

 

Workshop: Improving living conditions within the camp

 

Strengthening of the community 


Beneficiaries:

- Shabak community  (1725 famiies, 4715 persons under 17 years old,  total of 8898 persons )
- Community representatives
- Women
- Children, isolated children, out of school children
- Disadvantaged families
- Community member in situation of extreme vulnerability